snapshot cheatcodes


// Snapshot the current state of the evm.
// Returns the id of the snapshot that was created.
// To revert a snapshot use `revertTo`
function snapshot() external returns(uint256);
// Revert the state of the evm to a previous snapshot
// Takes the snapshot id to revert to.
// This deletes the snapshot and all snapshots taken after the given snapshot id.
function revertTo(uint256) external returns(bool);


snapshot takes a snapshot of the state of the blockchain and returns the identifier of the created snapshot

revertTo reverts the state of the blockchain to the given snapshot. This deletes the given snapshot, as well as any snapshots taken after (e.g.: reverting to id 2 will delete snapshots with ids 2, 3, 4, etc.)


struct Storage {
    uint slot0;
    uint slot1;

contract SnapshotTest is Test {
    Storage store;
    uint256 timestamp;

    function setUp() public {
        store.slot0 = 10;
        store.slot1 = 20;, 5 ether);        // balance = 5 ether
        timestamp = block.timestamp;

    function testSnapshot() public {
        uint256 snapshot = vm.snapshot();       // saves the state

        // let's change the state
        store.slot0 = 300;
        store.slot1 = 400;, 500 ether);
        vm.warp(12345);                         // block.timestamp = 12345

        assertEq(store.slot0, 300);
        assertEq(store.slot1, 400);
        assertEq(address(this).balance, 500 ether);
        assertEq(block.timestamp, 12345);

        vm.revertTo(snapshot);                  // restores the state

        assertEq(store.slot0, 10, "snapshot revert for slot 0 unsuccessful");
        assertEq(store.slot1, 20, "snapshot revert for slot 1 unsuccessful");
        assertEq(address(this).balance, 5 ether, "snapshot revert for balance unsuccessful");
        assertEq(block.timestamp, timestamp, "snapshot revert for timestamp unsuccessful");